Chapter: Heat and Thermodynamics
Question 01: What are the assumptions of kinetic theory of gases?
Answer: The kinetic theory of gases is based on the following simplifying-
(i) A gas is composed of large number of minute particles called as molecules, all having the same mass.
(ii) The molecules are moving at random colliding with each other and ultimately with the wall of the container.
(iii) The motions of the molecules obey newton’s law.
(iv) The molecules are perfectly hard elastic spheres and the whole energy of the molecules is kinetic.
(v) The actual volume is negligible companion with the volume of the vassal.
(vi) The size of the molecules is infinitesimally small a compressed to the distance traveled by a molecule between any two consecutive collisions called its fore path.